Injection molding is a manufacturing method for producing thermoplastic parts and thermoset plastic resources. The material is fed into a heated barrel, combined, and consolidated in the forming cavity where it cools and hardens to the design of the forming cavity.
After a product was designed, it was more often than not an industrial designer or engineer, and a mold maker made a mold out of metal. They typically use steel or aluminum and precision machinery to create functional design parts. Injection molding is widely used to manufacture a wide range of elements, from the smallest parts to entire body panels of automobiles.
The injection molding machine consisted of a material hopper, an injection China mold maker ram or threaded plunger, and a heating device. They are also called presses and tend to hold the moldings from which the pieces are formed.
Presses are rated by tonnage, which indicates how much clamping force the machine can withstand. These forces can keep the molding closed throughout the injection process. The tonnage can vary from 5,000 to 6,000 tonnes, with the highest figure being used compared to other manufacturing operations.
Mold is a term used to describe the tooling used to produce plastic parts for molding. In general, molds were expensive to manufacture. They are typically used in mass production where thousands of pieces are created. They are usually made of hardened steel, pre-hardened steel, alloys, and aluminum.
With injection molding, the tough plastic was fed by gravity from a hopper into a heated barrel. As the tough plastic was progressively pushed forward by a screw-type plunger, the plastic was pushed up to a nozzle resting against the molding, allowing it to penetrate the mold cavity through a gate and execution system.
injection molding cycle
The progression of all events through the injection molding of a plastic part is called the injection molding cycle. This cycle starts after the mold closes and is followed by injecting the polymer into the mold cavity.
As the cavity fills, the holding pressure must be maintained to compensate for the material reduction. And when the piece cools down properly, the mold opens, and the part ejects.
Metering stage – optimized with variable screw revolutions/minute and back pressure. Variation in time is necessary to reload the screw representing the stability of the phase.
Injection speed – Optimized through the pressure-dropping study of the pressure measured within the nozzle together with the pressure measured within the cavity.